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Utilitarianism Assignment Examples

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Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is the greatest good of the greatest number. It takes the view that an action is right if it is likely to produce the best consequences compared to all the other possible actions. The best consequences are those which involve the maximization of what is good and the minimization of what is bad. The…

Human nature is so constituted as to desire nothing which is not either part of happiness or a means to it

In Chapter Four of Utilitarianism, Mill attempts to prove his moral theory: ‘actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness’1. According to Crisp, his proof comprises three stages: happiness is desirable; the general happiness is desirable and nothing other than happiness is…

Assess Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory of morality (contrasted with a deontological theory). This means that it bases the moral weight of actions on its consequences, not on the intention (as in deontology). For example, if I was to buy my friend some food I thought he didn’t like to annoy him, but it then turned…

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Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a consequentialist moral theory developed by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill in the 19th century. This theory means that actions are judged according to their consequences not the actual action itself. A utilitarian tries to produce consequences from actions that maximise utility, otherwise known as happiness. A utilitarian tries to act for…

Examine and consider criticisms, which have been made against Utilitarianism

It was John Stuart Mill’s aim to revise and adapt Bentham’s ideas. Mill felt that this revision was necessary because many other writers had criticized Bentham’s work. Indeed Mill agreed with the criticisms that had been made and perhaps part of Mills response can be seen as an intellectual rebellion against his one time teacher….

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that derives from the 18th century during the enlightenment period. It focuses on the principle of the greatest good for the greatest number, and therefore aims to provide maximum pleasure to the maximum number of people/animals. It is teleological, which comes from the Greek word “telos” meaning “ends”, and thus…

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a teleological theory of ethics. The theory began with Jeremy Bentham as a way of working out how good or bad the consequence of an action would be. Bentham was concerned with social and legal reform (the conditions in which people lived and worked were appalling), wanting to develop an ethical theory that…

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