The state and federal prisons are a lot alike but there are many unique differences that give each prison their own identity. One reason being that the federal systems usually house inmates for an extended amount of time; state prisoners are referred to as “Blue Collard Criminals”. The federal system refers to their criminals as “White Collared Criminals. The history of state prisons start with the concept on which the institution was based upon, the penitentiary.
The penitentiary was based on the eighteenth-century legal reforms were scholars searched for a more humane and reform-oriented alternative to death and other physical punishments that seemed inhumane (Foster, 2006). Jails were mostly dark, overcrowded and filthy. All types of prisoners were herded together with no separation of men and women, the young and the old, the convicted and the un-convicted, or the sane and the insane (History). The state prison system was run by the state Government in the 1800’s.
The state prison system considered criminals to be “Blue Collard Criminals. ” State prison systems consist of a variety of levels of security; low, minimum, medium, and maximum. When it comes to properly placing criminals within the different levels of security, that decision is left to the facility as well as the seriousness of the crime committed, prior history of the offender. The history of federal prisons started back in the 1890’s, further more it wasn’t until 1930 when President Herbert Hoover signed a bill that established federal prison system.
During the ending of 1930 the new system provided fourteen different institutions “federal facilities” with a little over 13,000 inmates. This would be later labeled the place to house “White Collar Criminals”. The congressionally sponsored report of the Cooper Commission documented the horrors of the existing system and contained the seeds of the legislative proposals that gave birth to the Bureau of Prisons in the following year (Foster, 2006).