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The Impact Of ICT In my local Community Essay

The Bolton area is a very large, developed, local area. It has good communication with the outside world. It is situated in northwest UK close to Manchester, one of UK’s major cities. It has easy access to the motorway so nobody is deprived of travel and communication.

Here is a map showing how easy the access is to the town:

The area which I will focus on in this piece of coursework is shown by the arrow and is in the picture below:

The area is well equipped with ICT such as speed cameras traffic lights etc. and is under constant surveillance which minimizes crime and violence. Also the bus system and other services are well equipped for elderly people and the services are usually aided by ICT.

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ICT’s effect on the local community

ICT helps the community in many ways such as: security, health, safety and making services easy for the elderly youngsters and in between. The community is provided with a wide range of ICT systems in order to enable these and many other leisure services.

Security

In the community there are numerous banks, businesses, residential, areas and shops. These organisations need security. They are mostly equipped with burglar alarms, CCTV systems and heat sensing devices. These prevent theft and crime by warding off thieves and stopping them. This means they will not attempt any crime in that area.

Health

In the community there are many doctor surgeries, dentistry’s, opticians and hospitals. They need ICT to help them in many ways. In the private centres they need computers to store data of patients and most of the equipment they used is controlled by ICT.

In the hospitals ICT is used in reception aswel as in the wards. In reception it is used to keep records and data. In the wards it is used to entertain the patient and also in the equipment used by the staff. In the ambulances ICT is used in satellite navigation systems which ensure the quickest possible arrival to their destinations.

Safety

On the roads there are many speed cameras throughout the community. These ensure that drivers stay under the speed limit minimizing injury. There are also speed sensors which tell a driver if they are going over the speed limit and remind them to slow down. They both slow down drivers and ensure pedestrian safety

Services

In the community ICT is used for many services, some for leisure and some for social needs.

These include:

ATM machines

Job centre plus

Intercom

These are just some of the different services made possible by ICT.

ATM Machine

The ATM Machine is very useful for elderly people and also other people who do regular shopping. For e.g. an elderly woman wanted to withdraw money to pay the gas bill, she would have to travel to the nearest bank which could be very far. But if there was an ATM Machine nearby such as at the end of the street or even better out side the shop, she wouldn’t have to make the long travels.

The ATM Machine provides much security as shoppers and other people don’t need to carry large sums of money around in a purse. This could be a prime target for thieves. But if they carry a cash point card around which can only be used with a pin code then thieves wouldn’t have any use of stealing it.

Job centre plus

Jobcentre Plus is a government agency supporting people of working age from welfare into work, and helping employers to fill their vacancies. We are part of the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) and play a major role in supporting the Department’s aim to ‘promote opportunity and independence for all through modern, customer-focused services’. (quoted from http://www.jobcentreplus.gov.uk/JCP/Aboutus/index.html)

The Jobcentre Plus website provides help for customers in finding jobs and information about benefits to people of working age, training and how to apply for a job. For employers there is information on placing a vacancy with Jobcentre Plus and what Jobcentre Plus services are available to them.

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