During the drafting of the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, African countries had given minimal input into the formulating of it. Many African countries had only gained independence during the 1960s giving them the opportunity to have an impact the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESC) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). The ICESC, the UDHR and the ICCPR and its two Optional Protocols, are collectively known as the International Bill of Rights.
Freedom, democracy, and decolonization of African countries were of utmost importance to Africans at the time hence the Organisation of Africa Unity (OAU) main goals did not include the protection of human rights. The OAU was eventually replaced by the African Union (AU) which now provides for the protection and promotion of human rights in Africa by the African Charter.
The United Nations and the African Union had signed a Ten Year Capacity-Building Programme (CBP) in 2006. The primary objective of the CBP is to increase the co-operation between the United Nations and the African Charter. Therefore the programme has established a foundation for the expansion as well as the reinforcement of consults and co-operation between the UN and the AU. The CBP programme also increased efforts of the United Nations to support the African Union in Institution building; Human resources development and financial management; Peace and security, human rights, political, legal and electoral matters; Social, economic, cultural and human development; and Food security as well as environmental protection.
In Central Africa, the United Nations, through their relevant bodies have been promoting and protecting human rights. In MINUSCA, there is a Human Right Division (HDR) that is advised by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) who provides expertise, guidance, and support to these human rights teams. The Human Rights Division, through technical assistance and advocacy, has and continues to ensure the integration of human rights into their political processes.
They HDR also monitors, analyses and reports to OHCHR on the human rights situations in Central Africa. These efforts of the MINUSCA HDR have resulted in the establishment of a National Human Rights Commission, the initiation of the Committee on the prevention of Genocide, as well as the formation the Special Criminal Court to promote and protect human rights. The HDR also initiated and finalized a comprehensive human rights mapping report that documented serious violations of International Human Rights Law within Central Africa. Therefore attracting attention nationally and internationally to protect and bring justice to those who fell victims to these violations.
The recommendations that the HDR had also made in the mapping report is a guided pathway for the efforts of MINUSCA and the Special Criminal Court.