The term globalisation can be described in many different ways due to the fact that it is a term which is accompanied with many other categories such as culture, and one cultural trait is food which we will be exploring since traditional food has immensely changed in Sweden. One way of describing globalization is “the spread of economic, social and cultural ideas which are spread across the world and is growing uniformity between places which result from this spread”.
A more simple explanation can be taken from the dictionary which states “growth to a global or worldwide spread”. 2 Globalisation has been around since the beginning of human time; humans began to move around for better food and safety. As time has passed globalisation has become increasingly intergraded due to the growth in international trade, the growth of transnational corporations, international economic agreements, trading blocs and global movement of capital.
Globalisation as a whole keeps becoming more and more intergraded since 1945 due to the advantages in technology which have reduced the cost of transport, communications and information, as well as the governments increasing trade policies with free trade policies. To prove the globalisation of food in stores around Stockholm, my group has chosen three different areas in Stockholm, Sweden in which we examined different categories of food products/drinks (most important cultural trait) and where they have been produced as well as how many varieties of meat there is in these areas.
While collecting our results we were hoping for them to prove our hypotheses: (1) Coop Konsum grocery stores in an area with a high number of immigrants will provide packaged goods from mostly foreign countries whereas Coop Konsum grocery stores in an area with a low number of immigrants will provide more local packaged goods. (2)Also, an area with a low amount of immigrants would contain more pork as it is the main meat Swedish people eat and areas with a high amount of immigrants would contain more lamb since this is the most popular meat in the Middle East due to religious reasons.
As a group we predicted that Kista would have the most foreign goods since it has an immigrant population of 57. 6 percent3 as well as a greater quantity of lamb. stermalm would also have a wide variety of more exceptional goods since it’s a richer area making it possible for the population to experience riches; however it would have many goods from Sweden due to the fact that there are not many immigrants and people like food they are accustomed to eating. Liljeholmen would have a balance between both since it is a middle class area having a balance of immigrants and locals.
This source of exotic goods is due to the people who have immigrated to Sweden who were perhaps not into the eating habits and tastes in which the Swedish people were; therefore they imported goods from their original countries which turn out to get more popular as the number of immigrants increased. Figure 1- Sketch map of the location of Stockholm, Sweden: To understand the extent into what imported goods has on globalisation in certain areas, one must compare what used to be traditional Swedish food to what is now considered traditional Swedish food.
Before the large wave of immigration into Sweden (1970’s after WWll), traditional food was considered to be meatballs, potatoes, herring, pork, pea soup, fried pork, baked beans and hard liquor and beer as alcoholic beverages. Since the massive immigration from Italy in the 1950’s traditional food has become more exotic such as pizza, pasta, kebab, olive oil, Thai and wok. The effect of immigration into Sweden gave a bigger variety of food which will continue to get bigger due to the continuous effect of immigration and tourism.
Kista is a district of Stockholm Municipality located northwest of central Stockholm, Sweden. The reason why Kista is such an international area is due to the fact that the eastern part of the district is used for commercial ventures, where telecommunication and computer industries often take up land. Kista hosts the IT University as well which is quite popular. The population has increased by 28% since 19804. Mostly immigrants migrated to Kista, meaning a major part of the immigrants have a foreign background.
Most of the community has migrated into the rest of Stockholm at this point in time. It is considered as a poorer area of Stockholm. stermalm is a large district in central Stockholm. With 61 928 inhabitants5 it is one of the most heavily populated districts in Stockholm. It is a wealthy area, having the highest housing prices in Sweden. In 1672 the eastern part became a military exercise field; however most of the people were poor at this time. In 1880 a new plan for the town was brought up to make a grid of streets and avenues which built up upon were elegant houses of 4-6 floors.
The Royal Crown has been the owner over parts of the district for centuries a number of official buildings, museums and higher public educational institutions are located in stermalm. In the 20th century a large number of embassies, including those of USA, UK, France and Germany, were located there. Liljeholmen is a district in the south of Stockholm. In 1860 it became the first suburb outside Stockholm city limits until 1913 when it was incorporated into Stockholm. New residential areas are being built around the central square and former industrial areas as a part of several projects to enlarge the inner core of Stockholm.
This area is certainly increasing population, since 1997 it has increased by 230% and it is presumed to keep growing. 6 Figure 2- Sketch map of the three chosen areas and where they are situated in comparison to each other: Methods of data collection: To test our hypothesis and prediction my group did as follows. The first step in our investigation was to pick which products we were going to look at. We chose five different categories being: canned goods, snacks/nuts, grains/beans, desserts and meat (specifically pork and lamb).
Secondly we chose one supermarket which would normally be a part of a Swedish suburb being Coop Konsum which stayed as a constant throughout our investigation. The three areas in Stockholm which we decided to look into were Kista, which has a rather large amount of immigrants being a poorer part of Stockholm, stermalm with very few immigrants and one of the richer parts of Stockholm and Liljeholmen which is in between the two. After decided on the areas and the supermarket, we had to decide on a way to classify the goods; we recorded our results by writing down the country from where it was originally produced.
We thought this would be more interesting to see exactly how many products came from what country; however we still classed them under the three categories, EU and non-EU and Scandinavia. To find the different amounts of meat in the different areas we counted the different types of meat and then classified it from where it is originated since different cultures are not to eat certain meats for religious reasons. Also we had to keep in mind the statistics of departures from Stockholm and where their biggest destination is. All our findings were noted as well as any abnormalities which will be discussed in the analysis of our results.