In the following individual assignment of the cultural and disease paper I have selected to write about diabetes. I have always been interested about the disease; I have known that there are three different types or levels to this disease, type one type two and type three. The information that I have learned about the cause of diabetes is when the pancreas, a gland behind the stomach does not produce any or not enough of the hormone called insulin.
In this paper I will describe the vital role of insulin; I will discuss the disease called diabetes along with explaining the modes for the disease, and describe environmental factors that will make the population vulnerable to the disease. I will explain the social/cultural roles influences play in the disease; along with information dealing with treatment and prevention centers and wellness strategies. There are three types of diabetes; the most common type of diabetes is type 1, the cause of it is genetics.
The body immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. The insulin allows glucose to enter the cells of the body to provide energy. When glucose cannot enter the cells it builds up in our blood, depriving the cells from nutrition. People that have type1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections and regulate or monitor their blood sugar levels. Here are some of the symptoms of type1 diabetes: high levels of sugar in the blood, high levels of sugar in the urine, blurred vision, nausea and vomiting, extreme weakness and fatigue and mood changes.
Complications from type1 include heart disease, kidney disease, eye problems, and nerve problems. Treatment for typ1 is based on your age, overall health, extent of the disease, and your tolerance of medications, procedures, or therapies. Other treatments in type1 are maintaining an appropriate diet, managing blood sugar levels, physician checkups. In type2 diabetes is a disorder resulting from the body’s inability to make enough, or to properly use insulin, some may know type 2 as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
This type is not by way of genetics, but more so by the way of obesity. The prevention to type2 could be losing weight, and increasing exercise along with proper dieting. Type3 diabetes is a temporary form of diabetes that can occur when a women is pregnant, this is called gestational diabetes. Women are tested for their ability to process glucose at some point in their pregnancy. If the test shows that a woman has some type of blood sugar problem during her pregnancy, she will be placed on a special diet for the rest of her pregnancy.
She may have to take insulin injections. Gestational diabetes occurs more often in African Americans, than any other group. This form of diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born, but more than half of women with gestational diabetes develop type2 diabetes in life. The disease called diabetes is when the pancreas gland does not produce enough of the hormone called insulin. Insulin carries sugar from the bloodstream into the cells. Once inside the cells, sugar is converted into energy for immediate use or stored for future purposes.
Here is what happens if a person has diabetes; the pancreas is unable to produce insulin or the body is resistant to the action of insulin, without enough insulin to move sugar from the bloodstream into the cells, the blood glucose level rises too high as blood sugar (glucose) rises, extra glucose passes into the urine and out of the body before the body gets the energy it needs. The imbalance of the sugar makes the body reacts in which you could expect major health problems in other words health problems such as becoming a diabetic.
To narrow things down just think when we eat, it is to strengthen us, the food is broken down and what can be used will be used and what is not any good will be disposed of; the body will breakdown the glucose which is sugar to give us energy, well insulin is that tool that breaks the sugar down to give us energy. If this hormone called insulin is not producing a sufficient amount naturally, well then you would have to go on to a treatment center to get the insulin injections.
Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death; diabetes affects an estimated 23. million people in the United States. 90% have type two diabetes, 5. 7 million are unaware they have the disease, 11. 5 million women ages 20 years and older. 3. 7 million African Americans age 20 and older along with 2. 5 million Hispanic/Latino Americans have diabetes. I have found out that certain ethnic groups tend to be more susceptible to developing diabetes. I would believe the reason diabetes is found more among minorities is because of our eating habits which should be changed along with the implementing of excercising/working out regularly as a routine.
I think obesity plays a vital role in the African American world of diabetes. Obesity is a major risk factor for African Americans, due to the inactivity or lack of healthy eating. African Americans are two times more likely to develop diabetes than Caucasian Americans. Obesity tends to be one of the major risk factors for developing diabetes in African Americans. African Americans are more likely to suffer from higher incidences of diabetes complications than caused by diabetes more than any other ethnic group.
African Americans are more likely to undergo lower-extremity amputations than Caucasians Americans. African Americans with diabetes experience kidney failure about four times more often than diabetic Caucasian Americans. I was surprised to find out that African Americans have a 40 percent to 50 percent higher risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, partly because this population also has a higher rate of hypertension. I believe that the area or the environment plays a major role in developing diabetes.
My example of this would be that of a low income base family or minority that would not have the sufficient monies to eat healthy, so eating improper meals may come around regularly in their communities making them more vulnerable to the disease of diabetes. The modes of diabetes transmission are not transmitted like that of a virus but type1 is a genetic transport or transmission of the disease, unlike type 2 and type 3 they are not genetically transferred.
Some of the methods used to control type 2 and type3 are dieting, watching your sugar levels, working out regularly, and just getting regular blood work checked. The role that our community plays socially and culturally is that it seems that all the high unhealthy foods are conviently located in our areas, along with the production of commercials programming our minds to want to purchase those items, along with the budgeting of our monies; we all know that it cost money to eat healthy!
I think if we could our society to promote nutritional strategies that we could celebrate life longer than other countries, medical expenses would go down, meaning more money saved from Medicaid and Medicare and the educating of eating properly along with the promotion of working out could bring African Americans down from being the first on the list of diabetes. In Conclusion, the disease that I have decided to write about was diabetes.
African Americans have to be aware of this disease, mainly because we are the headliners. We need to understand that there are three types to this disease and that two of them can be avoided. It would help us a lot if the media did not promote them as much, and place all the unhealthy places closest to us, but educating and promoting better habits could change things socially and culturally.