Source 1 and 3 both strongly suggest that there was a considerable amount of resistance to the Amicable Grant of 1525. Source 2 does also suggest this, however there are other elements that do not suggest this. The sources all suggest that there an unrest towards the grant and that the Dukes were worried of the consequences of it. Source 1 is from a letter written by the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Warham, to Cardinal Wolsey on 5th April 1525. Warham acted as a commissioner in Kent for the Amicable Grant. This source does strongly suggest that there was a considerable resistance to the Amicable Grant.
Firstly in the source it says ‘It will hard to raise the money, especially as other parliamentary grants are still to be paid. ’ This infers that there were already too many other grants which the people were finding hard to keep up with. By bringing in another grant the people would be outraged and would therefore resist against the Amicable Grant. Secondly it says ‘Reports, for the secret ear of the Cardinal, show the dissatisfaction prevailing. ’ This again shows that the people were not happy with the Amicable Grant and that the people were becoming more and more frustrated with Wolsey.
As it says that it for ‘the secret ear of the Cardinal’ you can infer that William was concerned about the amount of people who were dissatisfied with the Amicable Grant and that if others found out there would have been a riot. Next the source says ‘Some of the commissioners only announce the King’s command without pressing it further through fear of the people. ’ This shows us that the people were causing such a considerable resistance to the Amicable Grant that the commissioners were too scared to enforce it as they feared what the people would end up doing.
Source three links to this source as it says ‘In some places people arose up in arms against the commissioners’ which supports the point made that the commissioners were too scared to enforce the Amicable Grant as they feared the people and what they would do. This link also shows us that there was a considerable resistance against the Amicable Grant as people were arising in arms against the commissioners to stop it from happening. Source 1 was written by William Warham who was acted as a commissioner in Kent for the Amicable Grant.
This makes the source reliable as the commissioner’s job was to enforce the Amicable Grant and so wouldn’t have spoken badly of it unless there was really a problem. However William may have been influenced by his fear of the people as he was worried about the consequences that would ensue if he enforced the Amicable Grant and so this reduces the reliability of the source. Source 2 is from a letter written by the Duke of Suffolk to Wolsey, on 11th April 1525. The Duke supported Henry over the Amicable Grant.
This source has many elements which suggest there was a considerable amount of resistance to the Amicable Grant, however there is also evidence that there was not considerable resistance to the Amicable Grant. Firstly the source says ‘through all Suffolk, expect Ipswich, the people now conform to the King’s request’. This suggests that there was not a considerable amount of resistance to the amicable grant as the only place that was going against it was Ipswich. However it says that ‘there are allegations to the contrary’ which suggests that there were many places that were also against the Amicable Grant and not just Ipswich.
Next it says ‘When I visit Ipswich I trust to find the people agreeable’. This shows us that, even though the Duke is hopeful that the people will be willing to agree with something, he is not completely sure of this and you can infer that he is scared of what the people of Ipswich might do to him. This suggests that there was a considerable resistance as the people are causing the Duke to become worried. In the next line it says ‘The commissioners have answered to this that the clergy will not fail to pay double.
This again suggests that there was a considerable resistance to the Amicable Grant as the commissioners are doing what the people say because they are worried about the possible trouble that could happen if the people get fed up with the Grant and so the commissioners are trying to keep them satisfied. The source then says ‘They say they do not yet see the clergy being made to pay, while the lay people are required to pay’. This once again shows us that there is a considerable resistance as it infers the people have refused to pay.
As they are willing to break the law and even risk going to prison. Lastly the sources says ‘I wish to know the authority the collectors shall have if any person should refuse to pay. ’ From this you can see that the Duke of Suffolk was very scared and wanted to ensure there was a law against not paying the tax so that the people would not be able to overpower him and this therefore shows us that there was a considerable resistance to the Amicable Grant as the Dukes were very scared of what the people would do and wanted laws to help them enforce it.
This source links to source 3 where it says ‘In some places the people arose up in arms against the commissioners’ which supports the statement in source 2 ‘I wish to know what authority the collectors shall have if any person should refuse to pay’ as it is inferring that people are going to be arising up in arms against the Amicable Grant and refusing to pay it. Source 2 was written by the Duke of Suffolk to Wolsey. This makes the source unreliable as the Duke would not have wanted to put his county in a bad light and so may have lied to make sure he seemed diligent to Wolsey.
As the Duke supported the Grant he may have also been bias towards it and so this also makes the source unreliable. Source 3 is from Henry’s advice to the commissioners, on the 8th may 1525. Firstly the source says ‘The people plead their poverty. ’ This, straight away, can be inferred as meaning that the people thought there were already too many other taxes and would refuse to pay the Amicable Grant. This shows us that there was a considerable resistance to the Amicable as people were not paying it. Next the source says ‘Proceed gently, rather than by violence.
This also shows us that there was resistance as Henry is worried that if any violence is used, the people will start to retaliate and revolt against him. ‘In some places the people arose up in arms against the commissioners. ’ This links with sources 1 and 2 which both suggest that the commissioners were too scared to enforce the Amicable Grant as there was such a considerable resistance towards it. This source was written by Henry and so it is reliable. This is because the Amicable Grant would have benefited him and so he would not have made up the things he was saying about it because he would have preferred it to work.
However if there was a considerable resistance his position could come under threat and so he may have been worried about the Grant. This reduces the reliability of the source however it is still fairly reliable. In conclusion Source 1 strongly suggests that there was a considerable resistance to the Amicable Grant as it says that people were already paying too many other grants that they were already unhappy with and that commissioners were too scared of the people to actually enforce it.
This source however is not the most reliable as it may have been written by the commissioner in an attempt to stop the unrest that was being experienced. Source 3 also strongly suggests that there was a considerable resistance against the Grant as Henry speaks of people arising up in arms against the commissioners which shows they had resisted the Grant. This source is fairly reliable as it would have been in Henry’s best interests to allow the Grant as it would have made him richer so he would not make something up to try and stop the Grant.
Source 2 does have elements which suggest there was a considerable resistance such as where the Duke is asking what authority he has if any refuses to pay which shows he is frightened of the resistance against the Grant. However there are also elements which suggest that there was not a considerable resistance to the Amicable Grant as it says that only Ipswich in the whole of Suffolk was against Suffolk which suggests there wasn’t a considerable resistance. This source is also fairly unreliable as the Duke may have not been telling the whole truth in order to make Wolsey believe he is diligent over his county.