The American Civil War had many major immediate and underlying effects on America. During this time Northerners and Southerners allowed themselves to hate each other enough to make war because of their different beliefs, lifestyles, and control issues. The American Civil War began because of the northerners and southerners had very different views on the constitution. The south had slavery and thought that it was the right way to live, while the north was slave free and wanted it to be like that in both the north and south.
They both interpreted the constitution as a power struggle between both sides. The North did not want slavery to spread into their territory, so they tried to gain power by working against the South to get the new states that were created. This way if they succeeded they could enforce their lifestyles on those states to gain power and territory throughout America to take the upper hand. There was always a divide in the country, because of the diverse ways of living and their beliefs. The spread of slavery was trying to be harnessed so it did not spread into the north’s Territory.
Everything began to get worse as the north became angry because of the fact of having slavery in the south gave the south power. Soon Missouri was created and up came the Missouri Compromise Line, meaning that all states above the line were slave free and all states below the line were allowed to have slaves. This is very important because if the north were to win a state over that happened to straddle the Missouri Compromise Line, or vice versa, that region would have the upper hand on the control factor and also with the government.
There were many disputes over states that were created that were half above and half below the line. The big toss up was California which straddled the line, but it became a big dispute when gold was discovered in the soon to be state. When gold was found, people started to flock to California and soon so many people were there they wanted to officially make it a state. This was a big deal that California was on both sides of the line because of the sole fact that both the north and south wanted control and also gaining authority over this state would give them territory in the opposing region.
All in all California became a state; it had no slaves because the north got it, it straddled the line, and also had a lot of potential for growth. Slavery really began to die down when the Emancipation Proclamation came into effect, although it did not totally erase slavery at the time, it ended it. Once they created the Emancipation Proclamation it ended slavery, but yet no slaves were officially let go or freed, there was just no longer a spread of slavery and it was not allowed anymore.
The animosity of the southerners and northerners had many effects on America before and after the war happened. Some effects were the south and north fighting over control, Missouri Compromise line, and the ending the whole thing was ended by the Emancipation Proclamation. People have to make decisions in their life everyday, some are little and others are life changing. Roger Williams, William Penn, George Grenville, John Quincy Adams, and John Brown had to make at least one crucial decision that not only changed their lives, but affected hundreds of people at the same time.
There were many crucial decisions that shaped history by many important men that most have heard of at some point because of there decisions. One of those men was Rodger Williams, a separatist who immigrated into Massachusetts Bay. He was charged for opposing the king of England by saying that church and state should be totally and utterly separate and also that the puritans shouldn’t be able to impose their beliefs on other. This was a crucial decision for William’s because when he was convicted and abolished his consequences were to leave all of the colonies and to go back to England.
He did not do so; he stayed in America and created his own colony known as present day Providence, Rhode Island. When the colony was created he also adopted a policy that said all religions are tolerated. The other significant thing about these ways was that they became the ways for the United States and later on affected the way American attitudes towards religion developed. Another man of history is William Penn who will later on be the proprietor of Pennsylvania. His crucial decision was to create a colony or to not too.
When faced with this decision he decided to create a new colony which brings to us what we now know it as present day Pennsylvania. When the colony was finally created he came up with a policy that attempted to treat Native Americans the same as everyone else. He also made strict rules on trade and did not sell any alcohol to Indians. These policies and the way he ran everything attracted native people, Tuscaroras, Shawnees, Miamis, but the ironic thing is that the toleration also got non-Quakers to come, who showed little to no respect for the Indians.
He was significant because he discovered and made the rules that established present day Pennsylvania. The decision William Penn made either staying and creating a colony or not staying, was what made this crucial and important. George Grenville, prime minister of England in 1763, made the decision of taxing the colonies to try to get England out of there mass amount of debt they had accumulated during the war. In this decision, the idea Grenville came up with said that Anglo-Americans had to pay a greater tax to cover their share of running the empire.
This decision was crucial and was made to try and get England out of the debt and back on its feet again. Next John Quincy Adams, a former president of the United States, made many huge decisions also along with the other men I have talked about, but the one that I am going to talk about is the Treaty of Ghent. Adams began peace talks with the British in Ghent in 1814 along with a team of people to stop the animosity between the British and the Native Americans.
Adams and his team established the Treaty of Ghent which ended the battle of New Orleans while stating the restoration of the pre-war status, ended hostility with the British and the Native Americans, the release of prisoners, restoration of territory that was gained, and boundary disputes. Last but certainly not least John Brown, in October 1859 made the decision to lead a group of eighteen men, both black and white, to raid the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. He was a crazy fanatic that made the decision and decided that all slaves should be free.
His idea for the slaves was to rally together, rebel against their owners, and free themselves. This was a complete and utter failure and he was captured very soon after the raid began. Their goal was to trigger slave rebellion which did not work, but this was remembered because it divided the democratic government and allowed Lincoln to become president. Crucial decisions were made by all of the men above which shaped out lives that we live into today. Slavery, the Treaty of Ghent, and taxing the colonies were all crucial decisions and I am sure there are many more to come that will shape the future of our children.